Michal ZimmermannPieces of knowledge from the world of GIS.

How to Use Queue with Rsync

Having more than 120K 5MB+ images that should be moved to the server is a great oportunity for some automatic bash processing. It might be good idea to use ImageMagick convert tool to make images smaller in a simple for loop. GNU Parallel can significantly increase the performance by running one job per CPU core.

parallel --verbose convert {} -quality 40% {} ::: *.jpg

The parallel modifies several images per second. Uploading these right away seems to be the next step. But how do you tell rsync to check for modified files every now and then? Another for loop mixed with sleep would work, but it just doesn’t feel right.

Luckily, there’s a inotifywait tool capable of watching changes to files and taking actions based on those changes.

inotifywait -e close_write -m --format '%f' . | \
while read file
do
    echo $file
    rsync -OWRD0Pq --ignore-existing $file [email protected]
done

By default, inotifywait stops after receiving a single event, while -m flag runs it indefinitely. -e flag defines an event to watch for, in my case that’s a close_write event. The inotifywait output can be piped to rsync that takes care of syncing local files to remote server.

The last step, as usual, is profit.