Michal ZimmermannPieces of knowledge from the world of GIS.

Twitter REST API Data Mining on OpenShift (Part I)

More than a year ago I wrote about analyzing Twitter languages with Streaming API. Back then I kept my laptop running for a week to download data. Not a comfortable way, especially if you decide to get more data. One year uptime doesn’t sound like anything you want to be part of. OpenShift by Red Hat seems to be almost perfect replacement. Almost.

OpenShift setup

I started with Node.js application running on one small gear. Once running, you can easily git push the code to your OpenShift repo and login via SSH. I quickly found simple copy-pasting my local solution wasn’t going to work. and fixed it with some minor tweaks. That’s where the fun begins…

I based the downloader on Node.js a year ago. Until now I still don’t get how that piece of software works. Frankly, I don’t really care as long as it works.

Pitfalls

If your application doesn’t generate any traffic, OpenShift turns it off. It wakes up once someone visits again. I had no idea about that and spent some time trying to stop that behavior. Obviously, I could have scheduled a cron job on my laptop pinging it every now and then. Luckily, OpenShift can run cron jobs itself. All you need is to embed a cron cartridge into the running application (and install a bunch of ruby dependencies beforehand).

rhc cartridge add cron-1.4 -a app-name

Then create .openshift/cron/{hourly,daily,weekly,monthly} folder in the git repository and put your script running a simple curl command into one of those.

curl http://social-zimmi.rhcloud.com > /dev/null

Another problem was just around the corner. Once in a while, the app stopped writing data to the database without saying a word. What helped was restarting it - the only automatic way to do so being a git push command. Sadly, I haven’t found a way to restart the app from within itself; it probably can’t be done.

When you git push, the gear stops, builds, deploys and restarts the app. By using hot deployment you can minimize the downtime. Just put the hot_deploy file into .openshift/markers folder.

git commit --allow-empty -m "Restart gear" && git push

This solved the problem until I realize that every restart deleted all the data collected so far. If your data are to stay safe and sound, save them in process.env.OPENSHIFT_DATA_DIR (which is app-root/data).

Anacron to the rescue

How do you push an empty commit once a day? With cron of course. Even better, anacron.

mkdir ~/.anacron
cd ~/.anacron
mkdir cron.daily cron.weekly cron.monthly spool etc

cat <<EOT > ~/.anacron/etc/anacrontab

SHELL=/bin/sh
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/$HOME/bin
HOME=$HOME
LOGNAME=$USER

1 5  daily-cron nice run-parts --report $HOME/.anacron/cron.daily
7 10 weekly-cron nice run-parts --report $HOME/.anacron/cron.weekly
@monthly 15 monthly-cron nice run-parts --report $HOME/.anacron/cron.monthly

EOT

cat <<EOT >> ~/.zprofile # I use zsh shell
rm -f $HOME/.anacron/anacron.log
/usr/sbin/anacron -t /home/zimmi/.anacron/etc/anacrontab -S /home/zimmi/.anacron/spool &> /home/zimmi/.anacron/anacron.log

EOT

Anacron is to laptop what cron is to 24/7 running server. It just runs automatic jobs when the laptop is running. If it’s not and the job should be run, it runs it once the OS boots. Brilliant idea.

It runs the following code for me to keep the app writing data to the database.

#!/bin/bash

workdir='/home/zimmi/documents/zimmi/dizertace/social'
logfile=$workdir/restart-gear.log
date > $logfile

{ 
HOME=/home/zimmi
cd $workdir && \
git merge origin/master && \
git commit --allow-empty -m "Restart gear" && \
git push && \
echo "Success" ; 
} >> $logfile 2>&1

UPDATE: Spent a long time debugging the “Permission denied (publickey).”-like errors. What seems to help is:

  1. Use id_rsa instead of any other SSH key
  2. Put a new entry into the ~/.ssh/config file

I don’t know which one did the magic though.

I’ve been harvesting Twitter for a month with about 10-15K tweets a day (only interested in the Czech Republic). 16 to 15 of them is located with latitude and longitude. More on this next time.